Rock Python, Python molurus is a large nonvenomous snake. It lives in a wide range of habitats, including grasslands, swamps, marshes, rocky foothills, woodlands, open forest, and river valleys. It needs a permanent source of water. It hides in abandoned mammal burrows, hollow trees, and dense water reeds. Pythons are excellent swimmers. They can be wholly submerged in water for many minutes if necessary, but usually prefer to remain near the bank. Like all snakes, Pythons are strict carnivores and feed on mammals, birds, and reptiles indiscriminately, but seem to prefer mammals. They are oviparous, up to 100 eggs are laid by a female, which she protects and incubates.
The rock python is classified as lower risk/near threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The rock python is listed on the Appendix II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). For Nepal, National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1973 provided legal provision. So, hunting and trade in the species and its parts and derivatives is completely prohibited.
However, python found in good number in this reserve, facing some conservation threats like forest fire, flooding, and retaliatory killing.
The reserve authority is conducting conservation education classes in schools and training in buffer zone community.