The Indian Porcupine, Histrix indica is highly adaptable to multiple habitats i.e. grasslands, scrublands, rocky hill-sides, forests, and mountains. The Indian Porcupine found in Nepal, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Israel, Iran and Saudia Arabia. The Indian Porcupine is usually monogamous, with both parents being found in the burrow with their offspring throughout the year. Young are born with their eyes open, and the body is covered by short soft quills. The Indian Porcupine is nocturnal. Food sources for the Indian Porcupine are vegetable material of all kinds. They have also been known to chew on bones that help their spines grow. The Indian Porcupine has insignificant threat to existence due to its wide range of habitats and food types. The population trend seems to be stable in Koshitappu Wildlife Reserve.
The Indian Porcupine is classified as Least Concern in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2016. CITES has given no special status regarding this species. National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1973 in Nepal has also given no legal status to the Indian Porcupine.
Habitat destruction, habitat alteration, retaliatory killing, absence of large cats, are some conservation threats to this species.
The reserve’s authority has been conducting habitat restoration, grazing control, wild fire control, solar fencing, regular patrolling, and conservation education campaign for saving this species.