The Golden Jackals, Canis aureus are medium-sized omnivorous mammals of the genus Canis, which also includes wolves and the domestic dog. Golden Jackals are opportunistic omnivores. They are predators of small to medium-sized animals and proficient scavengers. Golden Jackals are crepuscular, most active at dawn and dusk. The Golden Jackal is a social species, the basic social unit of which consists of a breeding pair, monogamous. Golden Jackals are abundant in this reserve.
The golden jackal is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List and is listed on the Appendix II of CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). In Nepal, this mammalian species has not given legal status as Tiger, rhino, Elephant, Snow leopard, Musk deer, Grey wolf, and Red panda have.
At present, prominent conservation threats to Golden Jackal have not been seen across the reserve area. But, due to speedy population growth of this species may suffer food scarcity in near future side by side badly effect on their pre-base like Swamp francolin, Quail, Partridge, and Peacock etc. The reserve’s authority is so serious about long-term conservation of Golden Jackal.